All of the spinal discs in the spinal cord have a cushion that separates the discs to give the spine flexibility and absorb shocks. When the cushion is moved out of its place, it places pressure on the surrounding spinal cord nerves which creates pain. As a result, those with a herniated disc may suffer from back pain, weakness in the legs and leg pain.
When there is a herniated disk that pops out of its normal position in the spinal cord which places pressure on the sciatic nerve, this is commonly referred to as sciatica. Common pain that is associated with sciatica is pain in the lower back and hip region down through the back of the thigh.
Over time, the intevertebral disks begin to wear away from use and can become quite weak and small. Disk disease is also known as degenerative disk disease where these disks not only wear away but can also collapse and cause immense pain in the area as the joints begin to rub together without any buffer.
A pinched nerve is also known as cervical radiculopathy. When the nerve root is injured or has pressure on it from a herniated disk, it is possible that the nerve becomes pinched creating excessive pain in the area in which the nerve corresponds to.
With old age, the spine begins to change. One of these changes is when the spinal canal becomes increasingly narrower. This is known as spinal stenosis and creates pain in the lumbar region of the back. The pain is caused by the pressure in the nerve roots of the spine and the spinal cord.
Spinal osteoarthritis is known as spondylosis which greatly affects the intervertebral disks and the spinal joints in the spinal cord. The cartilage begins to deteriorate in the spinal joints causing the disks to painfully rub together damaging the bone, creating bone spurs and causing immense pain and irritation.
Facet syndrome is a type of arthritis that affects the spinal joints. These joints normally provide flexibility in the spine. With facet syndrome, the cartilage that covers the joints is worn away and creates friction between the bones.
Scoliosis is a spinal cord disease that creates a large S or C shaped curvature in the spine. The spinal cord may also grow in a way which hinders the rest of the bone growth development such as one hip or shoulder blade higher than the other. The cause of scoliosis is unknown or idiopathic.
In a spinal condition like Lordosis Kyphosis, the thoracic spine is overly curved while the lower back is curved more inwardly, which by the spine’s alignment tilts the pelvis forward.
Spondylolisthesis begins with spondyloloysis which is a stress fracture in one of the vertabraes, normally found in the lower back. This stress fracture can create weak vertebrae where the bone is no longer able to hold its proper position and begins to move out of place which is Spondylolisthesis. Pinched nerves are also common side effects of Spondylolisthesis.
Osteoporosis is a bone loss disease which weakens the bones until they fracture or break. The surrounding soft tissue can become irritated and inflamed. Unfortunately, it is difficult to diagnose Osteoporosis until the fracture occurs.
Piriformis pain occurs from repetitive actions in the buttocks area. The piriformis muscle is located near the sacrum to the outer hip bone. Pain will occur from the hip, down the center of the gluteus maximus and down the back of the legs.
Spinal Cord Injury
A spinal cord injury is any type of damage to the spinal cord structure which may result in the temporary or permanent loss of mobility and feeling in the body. Most spinal cord injuries come as a result of a disease such as polio or through a trauma like an auto accident.
Low Back Pain
Low back pain is a generalized term for any type of pain that one experiences in the lower back region. This pain can be either short or long term pain and the pain can range anywhere from mild to severe.
Chronic Back Pain
Chronic back pain is an irritation in the back that lasts for more than three months.